How much probiotic bacteria exist inside and outside of our bodies? Well, it’s estimated that a human body contains more microorganisms than cells. We are all basically walking colonies of microorganisms!
Without good bacteria we would die. Bacteria live in symbiosis with the human body and are involved in countless processes. Probiotic bacteria are one important part of this great colony.
Good vs bad bacteria
The microbes in the body has a total weight of about three pounds, similar to the brain. The bacteria colony in the gut is so complex that it’s called the body’s “second brain.” Gut microorganisms help us digest food, assimilate nutrients, protect against intruders, regulate weight, and makes up 80% of the immune system.
The gut contains 500-1000 microorganism species.
Probiotic bacteria are often said to be among the “good” microbes. However, ideally we should have 85% good bacteria and 15% of the bad to keep the right balance.
Bacteria surprisingly talkative
One of the most amazing discoveries is how microbes communicate. Each species has its own “language” that is understood only by them. There is also a “general language,” understood by all species. This explains why both good and bad microorganisms coordinate their activities so well.
Research also shows that we need a certain, minimum amount of good probiotic bacteria species for them to act in a coordinated manner. Consuming probiotics on a daily basis is a good way to support the colony of good bacteria. Another is to consume more fiber.
Get aquainted with your colony
Much remains to be discovered on how microorganisms colonize different parts of the body. But the figures below reveal the intimate relationship between a human body and scores of microbes living on its inside and outside.
- Throat: more than 4,000 species, mainly Neisseria lactamica
- Tongue: almost 8000 species, mostly Streptococcus salivarius
- Inner elbows: over 2000 species, mostly corynebacterium simulans
- Behind the ears: over 2300 species, mostly Propionibacterium acnes
- In the nostrils: over 2200 species, mostly Staphylococcus epidermidis
- In the large intestine: over 33,000 species, mostly Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron
Probiotic bacteria and health
Some microorganisms make us sick, others are essential to keep us well. Much research has gone into the benefits of probiotic bacteria as they have a leading role in keeping the body healthy. Imbalances in the gut colony of probiotic species can results in many problems. Here are a few:
- Autoimmune disorders
- Lowered immunity
- Obsessive disorders
- Learning disorders
- Eczema, psoriasis
- Poor digestion
- Skin problems
- Mental issues
- Gut pain
Germs in the body
Microorganisms are tiny and can be seen only with the help of a microscope. it was not until 1676 that proof of their existence was established. Using a simple microscope, Dutch naturalist Leeuwenhoek was the first one to see these tiny “animalcules,” as he called them. At that time very little was known about what such germs did – good or bad.
Viruses are the tiniest germs. They are the cause of common illnesses such as colds, flu, and sore throats. Viruses also cause terrible diseases such as polio, Ebola, and AIDS. Antibiotics will not help in case of a virus infection.
Bacteria are one-celled organisms so simple that they lack a nucleus and generally have only one chromosome. Bacteria inhabit the body by the trillions, mostly in the digestive tract. They assist with digestion and are the primary source of vitamin K, necessary for blood clotting. Without these bacteria, the body would not survive very long.
Probiotic bacteria consist of many species that help regulate gene expression, many body processes, digestion, the creation of vitamins, enzymes, and control harmful microorganisms.
Only about 300 out of some 4,600 listed species of bacteria are considered pathogens (disease causing). Still, bacteria are the source of a long list of diseases in plants, animals, and humans. In humans, thy include tuberculosis, cholera, diphtheria, anthrax, tooth decay, certain kinds of pneumonia, and a number of sexually transmitted diseases.
Protozoans, like bacteria, are single-celled organisms, but they may have more than one nucleus. Included are amoebas and trypanosomes as well as the parasite that causes malaria. About one third of living species are parasites—there are some 10,000 different kinds—although only a few of these parasites cause disease in humans.
Fungi too can cause illness. These organisms have a nucleus and form tangled mats of filaments. The most common infections are ringworm, such as athlete’s foot, and candidiasis (candida). Serious fungal infections usually afflict only people whose defenses have been weakened by malnutrition, cancer, drugs, or viral infections that suppress the immune system.
Support your colony
Caring for ones probiotic bacteria colonies is vital to remain in Good health. What can be done?
Consuming raw food is a great. Try consuming some 50% raw food—vegetables are excellent. Many beneficial organisms thrive in and on uncooked fruit and vegetables.
Cut down on sugar (soda, sweets), and grain-based foods. Excess sugar and carbs feed yeast, fungi, and other harmful microorganisms.
An excellent way to support gut bacteria is to consume more fiber.
Don’t underestimate a strong gut colony! To a great degree, they control weight and mood.